For years, the annual Open Doors survey has provided a snapshot of the participation of college students with disabilities and other diverse identities in U.S. study abroad programs. Now a survey from Diversity Abroad is adding to the picture of how diversity is represented in education abroad by inviting international educators to self-identify.
Students with Disabilities in Education Abroad
In honor of International Education Week in November 2020, the Institute of International Education (IIE) released the latest findings collected from Open Doors, a voluntary online survey inviting U.S. higher education institutions to share demographic data and other information related to U.S. study abroad students. The latest data below* gives an overview of who studied abroad during the 2018/19 academic year. Here's what Open Doors reported regarding students with disabilities:
No disability: 89.5%
Learning disability: 32.5%
Mental disability: 35.5%
Physical disability: 3.3%
Sensory disability: 3.0%
Autism spectrum disorder: 2.2%
Chronic health disorder: 17.2%
Other disability: 6.4%
Number of institutions reporting disability status: 317
*Source: Institute of International Education. (2020). "Profile of U.S. Study Abroad Students, 2006/07 - 2018/19" Open Doors Report on International Educational Exchange. Retrieved from https://opendoorsdata.org/. Open Doors is sponsored by the U.S. Department of State with funding provided by the U.S. Government and supported in its implementation by IIE.
Overall disability representation among U.S. study abroad students (10.5%) was somewhat higher than in the previous year (9.2% for the year 2017/18), with modest increases in students identified as having chronic health disorders, mental disabilities, and "other" disabilities.
Observing the data might indicate a few goals for the international education field:
- Encourage more institutions to collect and report on disability data, as they would on data related to participants' race, age, and other demographics.
- Conduct targeted outreach to increase the representation and support of students with physical and sensory disabilities. This might entail budgeting for reasonable accommodations among other strategies.
- Recognizing that students with mental health disabilities, chronic health disabilities, and other non-apparent disabilities are highly represented in study abroad, look for ways to build flexibility into the design of international education programming, provide a safe environment for students to disclose, and explore strategies for mental health support abroad.
International Educators with Disabilities
Motivated by the principle that "representation matters," the international education field has placed increasing emphasis on diversity among not only study abroad students, but also international educators. Irene Scott, Education Abroad Program Manager at Texas A&M University and Co-chair of NAFSA's Diversity & Inclusion Subcommittee, shared one insight about how people with disabilities working in education abroad leadership roles can potentially engage disabled students who might otherwise be on the fence about going abroad:
“I’ve been able to personalize my advice for students who are hard of hearing about accommodations or other considerations when traveling. Even if our disabilities are different, knowing that someone else has walked that road [of going abroad] helps put students at ease. It shows them that it’s possible.”
With this possibility in mind, Diversity Abroad launched the 2020 Survey on Diversity & Inclusion Among International Educators, addressing the climate of diversity, equity, and inclusion in the international education workplace. Like Open Doors, the survey collected information on disability identity alongside other types of diversity.
Among the 925 individuals responded to the 2020 survey, "76.1% did not identify as having a disability" (alternatively: could we then surmise that up to 23.9% of respondents DO identify as having a disability?), with mental health conditions and chronic illness being the most frequent self-identified disability reported by participants. Other disability-related data included:
- Mental health conditions: 9.4%
- Chronic illness: 9.4%
- Vision impairment (including blindness): 1.7%
- Two or more selected: 7.5%
- Deafness or hard of hearing: 0.3%
- Learning impairment: 0.4%
- Physical mobility impairment: 0.6%
- Autism spectrum disorder: 0.2%
- Speech or language impairment: 0.1%
Source: Diversity Abroad
The survey data shows over the past three years the field is diversifying slowly, but much more needs to be done. The report, along with a supplemental webinar hosted by Diversity Abroad, also explores whether diverse international educators experience a "sense of belonging" at their institution/organization and in the international education field more broadly, asking international educators to reflect on the following questions:
- How can the field build a more diverse pipeline?
- How are we preparing the current generation of international educators to serve a more diverse population? What skills are needed?
- What strategies can institutions/organizations undertake to create a more inclusive workplace?
- Many respondents indicated a sense of concern and trepidation related to future career possibilities and prospective professional advancement.
- Reflecting on your own careers, what can career advancement look like given today’s realities?
The National Clearinghouse on Disability and Exchange, whose mission has historically been to increase disability representation among international exchange participation, also encourages disabled people to enter careers in international education. Use the following resources to build on your advocacy for diversifying the field:
- People with Disabilities Needed in International Education Careers
- Get Your Foot in the Door for a Career in International Education
- WEBINAR: Virtual Career Fair on International Development Jobs
- Twitter Chat: People with Disabilities in #GlobalCareers
- Recruiting Persons with Disabilities To Your Workplace
- NCDE Launches "Access to Exchange" Externships